WelcomeSunday, December 4th, 2022
[Sticky] The definition of UAS / UAV
According to Wikipedia, the definition of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) is:
An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), commonly known as a drone, is an aircraft without any human pilot, crew or passengers on board. UAVs are a component of an unmanned aircraft system (UAS), which include additionally a ground-based controller and a system of communications with the UAV. The flight of UAVs may operate under remote control by a human operator, as remotely-piloted aircraft (RPA), or with various degrees of autonomy, such as autopilot assistance, up to fully autonomous aircraft that have no provision for human intervention.
The term drone has been used from the early days of aviation, being applied to remotely-flown target aircraft used for practice firing of a battleship's guns, such as the 1920s Fairey Queen and 1930s de Havilland Queen Bee. The term remains in common use.
The term unmanned aircraft system (UAS) was adopted by the United States Department of Defense (DoD) and the United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in 2005 according to their Unmanned Aircraft System Roadmap 2005–2030. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the British Civil Aviation Authority adopted this term, also used in the European Union's Single-European-Sky (SES) Air-Traffic-Management (ATM) Research (SESAR Joint Undertaking) roadmap for 2020. This term emphasizes the importance of elements other than the aircraft. It includes elements such as ground control stations, data links and other support equipment.
Please feel free to provide your insights, suggestions or other thoughts regarding this definition.
Part 107 defines an Unmanned aircraft as "an aircraft operated without the possibility of direct human intervention from within or on the aircraft", and a Small unmanned aircraft as "an unmanned aircraft weighing less than 55 pounds (ie/ 25kg) on takeoff, including everything that is on board or otherwise attached to the aircraft."