Bearing Reference in Legal Descriptions
The Basis of Bearings is a necessary inclusion in a boundary description. See Wattles "Writing Legal Descriptions", Section 4.5 which states in my 1979 edition in part: "In a description, the basis of bearings, sometimes stated as base of bearings, should be established by the recitation of a control one in the first course." Note the use of "should" and not "may". I naively thought that this was routinely done as my practice is fundamental limited to a single PLSS state.
Aliquot descriptions are perfect...............................in theory. Leave them alone.
Your drawing may show the bearings and distances you determined for each side, but DO NOT bastardize them with M&B replacement descriptions.
When a tract or tracts have been separated from an aliquot part, first call out the aliquot part by its true name then list the exceptions thereto.
This is very important because your interpretation of where the aliquot boundaries are located may not hold when another surveyor comes along and finds monuments that you did not find because their locations didn't fit your math solution. Skipping over center corner monuments is far too common.
Make it easy for the next guy to come along to agree with you. There is nothing wrong with leaving more than the absolute minimum of footsteps for the future surveyor to follow.
Personally I disfavor the Commencing ... True Point of Beginning format. Not saying its wrong - lots of people use it and always have. I just try to avoid it. To that end I might write:
Beginning at a point on the north line of Section 12, T1S, R1W, W.M. which bears N89°45'21"E, 1234.56 feet from the northwest corner of said Section, thence parallel with the west line of said section S 00°17'47"E, 456.78 feet ......
In this manner I'm giving the future surveyor bearings along 2 adjacent section lines. If I wasn't running a parallel line and I still wanted to add a call to the west section line I might write:
Beginning at a point on the north line of Section 12, T1S, R1W, W.M. which bears N89°45'21"E, 1234.56 feet from the northwest corner of said Section, said northwest section corner bears N 00°17'47"W, 2640.00 feet from the west 1/4 corner of said section, thence S 00°29'58"E, 456.78 feet ......
Commencing is in the minimum standards as follows: The
description shall contain dimensions sufficient to enable the description to be plotted and
retraced and shall describe the land surveyed by either government lot, aliquot parts, quarter
section, section, township, range and county; or by metes and bounds commencing with a corner
marked and established in the U.S. Public Land Survey System; or if such land is located in a
recorded subdivision or recorded addition thereto, then by the number or other description of that
lot, block or subdivision thereof. If the parcel is described by metes and bounds it may be
referenced to known lot or block corners in recorded subdivisions or additions.
Thus, many of our descriptions for metes and bounds tracts commence at a section corner or quarter corner then follow one or more courses to reach the POB.